Sustained response with rituximab in patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura: a report of 13 cases and review of the literature

Am J Hematol. 2009 Jul;84(7):418-21. doi: 10.1002/ajh.21439.


Idiopathic thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a life-threatening disease mediated by autoantibodies directed against ADAMTS-13. A number of small series and case reports have shown promising results with rituximab in refractory or relapsed TTP. In this report, we present 13 patients with TTP treated with rituximab. Twelve of the 13 patients (92%) achieved complete response; no subsequent relapses occurred with median follow-up of 24 months (range, 13-84 months). The addition of rituximab to standard therapy appears to be effective in sustaining long-term remission in TTP. However, the optimal dosing and timing of rituximab warrant further investigation. Am. J. Hematol., 2009. (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • ADAM Proteins / deficiency
  • ADAMTS13 Protein
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic / blood
  • Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic / drug therapy*
  • Remission Induction
  • Rituximab
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Rituximab
  • ADAM Proteins
  • ADAMTS13 Protein
  • ADAMTS13 protein, human