Golgins and GRASPs: holding the Golgi together

Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2009 Sep;20(7):770-9. doi: 10.1016/j.semcdb.2009.03.011.


The GRASP and golgin families of proteins have emerged as key components of the Golgi apparatus, with major roles in both the structural organisation of this organelle and the trafficking that occurs there. Both types of protein participate in membrane tethering events that occur upstream of membrane fusion as well as contributing to the structural scaffold that defines Golgi architecture, referred to as the Golgi matrix. The importance of these proteins is highlighted by their targeting in mitosis, apoptosis, and pathogenic infections that cause dramatic structural and functional reorganisation of the Golgi apparatus. In this review we will discuss our current understanding of GRASP and golgin function, highlighting some of the common themes that have emerged as well as describing previously unsuspected roles for these proteins in various cellular processes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Golgi Apparatus / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Protein Binding
  • Signal Transduction


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins