Myofiber degeneration, inflammation, and fibrosis are remarkable features of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. We hypothesized that the administration of imatinib mesylate, an inhibitor of tyrosine kinase and TGF-beta pro-fibrogenic activity, could improve the muscular conditions in mdx mice. Four-week old mdx mice were treated and exercised for 6 weeks. Gastrocnemius and diaphragm histopathology, strength, creatine kinase, and cytokine levels were evaluated. The treated group presented increased muscular strength and decreased CK levels, injured myofibers, and inflammatory infiltrates. Pro-inflammatory cytokines and TGF-beta were also reduced, while IL-10 was increased, suggesting an immunomodulatory effect of imatinib, which can ameliorate the dystrophic phenotype in mdx mice.