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. 2009 Jun 9;2(74):ra27.
doi: 10.1126/scisignal.2000259.

PI3Kgamma Adaptor Subunits Define Coupling to Degranulation and Cell Motility by Distinct PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 Pools in Mast Cells


PI3Kgamma Adaptor Subunits Define Coupling to Degranulation and Cell Motility by Distinct PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 Pools in Mast Cells

Thomas Bohnacker et al. Sci Signal. .


Phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma (PI3Kgamma) plays a major role in chronic inflammation and allergy. It is a heterodimer of a catalytic p110gamma subunit and an adaptor protein, either p101 or the p101 homolog p84 (p87(PIKAP)). It is unclear whether both PI3Kgamma complexes specifically modulate responses such as chemotaxis and degranulation. In mast cells, the p84:p110gamma complex synergizes with immunoglobulin E (IgE)- and antigen-clustered FcepsilonRI receptor signaling and is required to achieve maximal degranulation. During this process, PI3Kgamma is activated by ligands of heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein)-coupled receptors (GPCRs), in particular adenosine receptors, through autocrine and paracrine pathways. Here, we show that p110gamma needs p84 to relay signals from GPCRs to formation of phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate [PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3)], phosphorylation of Akt, migration of cells, and synergistic adenosine-enforced degranulation. Furthermore, the absence of adaptor subunits could not be compensated for by increased p110gamma abundance. Differentiated, p110gamma null cells also lost adaptor proteins. Complementation of p110gamma null mast cells with p101 and p110gamma restored the activation of Akt and cell migration, but failed to support degranulation. Lack of degranulation was attributed to a change in the spatiotemporal localization of PI3Kgamma-derived PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3); although both p84:p110gamma and p101:p110gamma complexes initially deposited PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) at the plasma membrane, p101:p110gamma-derived PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) was rapidly endocytosed to motile, microtubule-associated vesicles. In addition, p84:p110gamma, but not p101:p110gamma signaling was sensitive to disruption of lipid rafts. Our results demonstrate a nonredundant function for the p101 and p84 PI3Kgamma adaptor proteins and show that distinct pools of PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) at the plasma membrane can elicit specific cell responses.

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