Drug-nutrient interactions

Am Fam Physician. 1991 Nov;44(5):1651-8.


Drug-nutrient interactions are a commonly overlooked aspect of the prescribing practices of physicians. As more pharmaceutical agents become available, attention should be focused on interactions of drugs with foods and nutrients. Although drug-nutrient interactions are not as common as drug-drug interactions, they can have an impact on therapeutic outcome. Drugs can affect nutritional status by altering nutrient absorption, metabolism, utilization or excretion. Food, beverages and mineral or vitamin supplements can affect the absorption and effectiveness of drugs. Knowledge of drug-nutrient interactions can help reduce the incidence of these effects. Physicians should question patients about their dietary habits so that patients can be informed about possible interactions between a prescribed drug and foods and nutrients.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Drug Interactions*
  • Ethanol / metabolism
  • Food*
  • Humans
  • Nutritional Status / drug effects*
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / metabolism


  • Pharmaceutical Preparations
  • Ethanol