An enhanced community advanced pharmacy practice experience model to improve patient care

Am J Pharm Educ. 2009 Apr 7;73(2):25. doi: 10.5688/aj730225.


Objective: To quantify the benefits of an enhanced advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) community pharmacy model compared to the traditional program by comparing basic and comprehensive pharmaceutical care provided by students and assessing preceptors' perceptions of the APPE.

Methods: A pilot study consisting of 1 enhanced APPE arm and 2 traditional APPE (control) arms was conducted. The enhanced APPE consisted of a preceptor education program, a 5-day onsite student orientation, and an 8-week experience completed at 1 rather than 2 community sites.

Results: The level of interventions provided by students in the enhanced APPE arm significantly surpassed that of students in the control arms. In addition, preceptor questionnaires indicated overwhelming support for the enhanced model over the traditional APPE.

Conclusions: The study's findings demonstrated that the enhanced APPE model enabled the participating pharmacies to provide increased level of patient care (as compared to the control sites) and improved preceptor satisfaction with the APPE.

Keywords: advanced pharmacy practice experience; assessment; community pharmacy; evaluation; medication therapy management; pharmaceutical care; student impact.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Cohort Studies
  • Community Pharmacy Services* / standards
  • Education, Pharmacy / methods*
  • Education, Pharmacy / standards
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Educational*
  • Patient Care / methods*
  • Patient Care / standards
  • Pilot Projects