Homer and the ryanodine receptor

Eur Biophys J. 2009 Dec;39(1):91-102. doi: 10.1007/s00249-009-0494-1. Epub 2009 Jun 10.


Homer proteins have recently been identified as novel high-affinity ligands that modulate ryanodine receptor (RyR) Ca(2+) release channels in heart and skeletal muscle, through an EVH1 domain which binds to proline-rich regions in target proteins. Many Homer proteins can also self-associate through a coiled-coil domain that allows their multimerisation. In other tissues, especially neurons, Homer anchors proteins embedded in the surface membrane to the Ca(2+) release channel in the endoplasmic reticulum and can anchor membrane or cytosolic proteins to the cytoskeleton. Although this anchoring aspect of Homer function has not been extensively investigated in muscle, there are consensus sequences for Homer binding in the RyR and on many of the proteins that it interacts with in the massive RyR ion channel complex. In this review we explore the potential of Homer to contribute to a variety of cell processes in muscle and neurons that also involve RyR channels.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Carrier Proteins* / chemistry
  • Carrier Proteins* / metabolism
  • Homer Scaffolding Proteins
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Space / metabolism
  • Ligands
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Transport
  • Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel* / chemistry
  • Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel* / metabolism


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Homer Scaffolding Proteins
  • Ligands
  • Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel