A 20-year series of orbital exenteration

Am J Ophthalmol. 1991 Nov 15;112(5):496-501. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9394(14)76848-5.


We reviewed patient records of 99 consecutive orbital exenterations performed between 1969 and 1988. Patients ranged in age from 2 to 86 years (mean, 55.9 years). Classification of cases on histopathologic criteria showed 32 exenterations were performed for squamous cell carcinoma originating in the paranasal sinus (13), skin (12), conjunctiva (six), and lacrimal sac (one). Orbital exenteration was performed for treatment of other epithelial malignancy in basal cell carcinoma (eight), sebaceous carcinoma (six), adenoid cystic carcinoma (five), undifferentiated carcinoma (four), adenocarcinoma (two), intraepithelial carcinoma of the conjunctiva (two), benign mixed tumor (one), and transitional cell carcinoma (one). Exenterations were performed for melanoma of the conjunctiva (ten), nasosinus (three), skin (two), orbit (two), and choroid (one). Exenterations were also performed as treatment for mucormycosis (five), meningioma (three), fibrosarcoma (two), rhabdomyosarcoma (two), hemangiopericytoma (two), orbital cellulitis (one), fibrous histiocytoma (one), schwannoma (one), lymphangioma (one), benign lymphoepithelial lesion (one), and undifferentiated malignancy (one).

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Eye Diseases / surgery*
  • Eye Enucleation*
  • Eye Neoplasms / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases / surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms / surgery
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Skin Neoplasms / surgery