Exact solution for infinitely strongly interacting Fermi gases in tight waveguides

Phys Rev Lett. 2009 Apr 24;102(16):160402. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.160402. Epub 2009 Apr 22.


We present an exact analytical solution of the fundamental systems of quasi-one-dimensional spin-1/2 fermions with infinite repulsion for an arbitrary confining potential. The eigenfunctions are constructed by the combination of Girardeau's hard-core contacting boundary condition and group theoretical method, which guarantees the obtained states to be simultaneously the eigenstates of S and S_{z} and satisfy antisymmetry under odd permutation. We show that the total ground-state density profile behaves like the polarized noninteracting fermions, whereas the spin-dependent densities display different properties for different spin configurations. We also discuss the splitting of the ground states for large but finite repulsion.