Focusing ultrasound with an acoustic metamaterial network

Phys Rev Lett. 2009 May 15;102(19):194301. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.194301. Epub 2009 May 15.


We present the first experimental demonstration of focusing ultrasound waves through a flat acoustic metamaterial lens composed of a planar network of subwavelength Helmholtz resonators. We observed a tight focus of half-wavelength in width at 60.5 kHz by imaging a point source. This result is in excellent agreement with the numerical simulation by transmission line model in which we derived the effective mass density and compressibility. This metamaterial lens also displays variable focal length at different frequencies. Our experiment shows the promise of designing compact and lightweight ultrasound imaging elements.