Standardizing the nomenclature for clonal lineages of the sudden oak death pathogen, Phytophthora ramorum

Phytopathology. 2009 Jul;99(7):792-5. doi: 10.1094/PHYTO-99-7-0792.


Phytophthora ramorum, the causal agent of sudden oak death and ramorum blight, is known to exist as three distinct clonal lineages which can only be distinguished by performing molecular marker-based analyses. However, in the recent literature there exists no consensus on naming of these lineages. Here we propose a system for naming clonal lineages of P. ramorum based on a consensus established by the P. ramorum research community. Clonal lineages are named with a two letter identifier for the continent on which they were first found (e.g., NA = North America; EU = Europe) followed by a number indicating order of appearance. Clonal lineages known to date are designated NA1 (mating type: A2; distribution: North America; environment: forest and nurseries), NA2 (A2; North America; nurseries), and EU1 (predominantly A1, rarely A2; Europe and North America; nurseries and gardens). It is expected that novel lineages or new variants within the existing three clonal lineages could in time emerge.

Publication types

  • Letter

MeSH terms

  • Clone Cells
  • Genotype
  • Geography
  • Phylogeny*
  • Phytophthora / classification*
  • Phytophthora / cytology*
  • Phytophthora / genetics
  • Phytophthora / isolation & purification
  • Plant Diseases / microbiology*
  • Quercus / microbiology*
  • Terminology as Topic*