Developing nondopaminergic palliative treatments for Parkinson's disease represents a major challenge to avoid the debilitating side effects produced by L-DOPA therapy. Increasing interest is addressed to the selective targeting of group III metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors that inhibit transmitter release at presumably overactive synapses in the basal ganglia. Here we characterize the functional action of a new orthosteric group III mGlu agonist, LSP1-2111, with a preferential affinity for mGlu4 receptor. In mouse brain slices, LSP1-2111 inhibits striatopallidal GABAergic transmission by selectively activating the mGlu4 receptor but has no effect at a synapse modulated solely by the mGlu7 and mGlu8 receptors. Intrapallidal LSP1-2111 infusion reverses the akinesia produced by nigrostriatal dopamine depletion in a reaction time task, whereas an mGlu8-receptor agonist has no effect. Finally, systemic administration of LSP1-2111 counteracts haloperidol-induced catalepsy, opening promising perspectives for the development of antiparkinsonian therapeutic strategies focused on orthosteric mGlu4-receptor agonists.