Intervention studies against "green symptoms" among Indian tobacco harvesters

Arch Environ Health. 1991 Sep-Oct;46(5):316-7. doi: 10.1080/00039896.1991.9934396.


The use of rubber gloves reduced nicotine and cotinine absorption among 29 tobacco harvesters, as evidenced by the urinary excretion rate of nicotine and cotinine. Approximately 20% (n = 6) of the subjects reported that symptoms disappeared when they used gloves, but the remaining 23 workers complained of an occasional headache even when using gloves. Wearing of boots and socks as well as gloves prevented the symptoms and significantly decreased nicotine and cotinine excretion. This suggests that nicotine is absorbed through the feet.

MeSH terms

  • Agricultural Workers' Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Agricultural Workers' Diseases / urine
  • Cotinine / urine
  • Humans
  • India
  • Male
  • Nicotine / urine
  • Plants, Toxic*
  • Protective Clothing*
  • Skin Absorption
  • Tobacco*


  • Nicotine
  • Cotinine