Welcoming low testosterone as a cardiovascular risk factor

Int J Impot Res. 2009 Jul-Aug;21(4):261-4. doi: 10.1038/ijir.2009.25. Epub 2009 Jun 18.


Male hypogonadism now has a new spectrum of complications. They are mainly cardiometabolic in nature. Low serum testosterone levels are a risk factor for diabetes, metabolic syndrome, inflammation and dyslipidemia. These metabolic and inflammatory complications are not without consequences. Recent studies have shown low serum testosterone levels to be an independent risk factor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. It is time to welcome low serum testosterone levels as a cardiovascular risk factor.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Atherosclerosis / blood
  • Biomarkers
  • Blood Vessels / physiopathology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / blood*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality
  • Diabetes Mellitus / blood
  • Humans
  • Hyperlipidemias / blood
  • Inflammation / blood
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / blood
  • Risk Factors
  • Testosterone / blood*
  • Testosterone / deficiency


  • Biomarkers
  • Testosterone