An atlas of chaperone-protein interactions in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: implications to protein folding pathways in the cell

Mol Syst Biol. 2009;5:275. doi: 10.1038/msb.2009.26. Epub 2009 Jun 16.

Abstract

Molecular chaperones are known to be involved in many cellular functions, however, a detailed and comprehensive overview of the interactions between chaperones and their cofactors and substrates is still absent. Systematic analysis of physical TAP-tag based protein-protein interactions of all known 63 chaperones in Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been carried out. These chaperones include seven small heat-shock proteins, three members of the AAA+ family, eight members of the CCT/TRiC complex, six members of the prefoldin/GimC complex, 22 Hsp40s, 1 Hsp60, 14 Hsp70s, and 2 Hsp90s. Our analysis provides a clear distinction between chaperones that are functionally promiscuous and chaperones that are functionally specific. We found that a given protein can interact with up to 25 different chaperones during its lifetime in the cell. The number of interacting chaperones was found to increase with the average number of hydrophobic stretches of length between one and five in a given protein. Importantly, cellular hot spots of chaperone interactions are elucidated. Our data suggest the presence of endogenous multicomponent chaperone modules in the cell.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Molecular Chaperones / analysis
  • Molecular Chaperones / metabolism*
  • Protein Folding
  • Protein Interaction Mapping / methods
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / analysis
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction

Substances

  • Molecular Chaperones
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins