Suitability of varicose veins for endovenous treatments

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2009 Sep;32(5):988-91. doi: 10.1007/s00270-009-9616-5. Epub 2009 Jun 18.


The aim of the study was to assess the suitability of radiofrequency ablation (RFA), endovenous laser ablation (EVLA), and foam sclerotherapy (FS) for patients with symptomatic varicose veins (VVs). The study comprised 403 consecutive patients with symptomatic VVs. Data on 577 legs from 403 consecutive patients with symptomatic VVs were collected for the year 2006. Median patient age was 55 years (interquartile range 45-66), and 62% patients were women. A set of criteria based on duplex ultrasonography was used to select patients for each procedure. Great saphenous vein (GSV) reflux was present in 77% (446 of 577) of legs. Overall, 328 (73%) of the legs were suitable for at least one of the endovenous options. Of the 114 legs with recurrent GSV reflux disease, 83 (73%) were suitable to receive endovenous therapy. Patients with increasing age were less likely to be suitable for endovenous therapy (P = 0.03). Seventy-three percent of patients with VVs caused by GSV incompetence are suitable for endovenous therapy.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Catheter Ablation / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Laser Therapy / methods
  • Leg / blood supply
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • Radiography, Interventional
  • Saphenous Vein
  • Sclerotherapy / methods
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ultrasonography, Interventional
  • Varicose Veins / diagnostic imaging
  • Varicose Veins / therapy*