DNA microparticle formation in the course of a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is reported. PCR with gene-specific and partially complementary primers and yeast genomic DNA as a template was shown to yield spherical DNA-composed microparticles as well as their aggregates and conglomerates, along with routine linear DNA. Microparticles were formed at late PCR stages and could be easily identified by the reaction with fluorescently labeled oligonucleotide primers or by staining of the PCR mixture with fluorescent dyes (acridine orange, propidium iodide or DAPI). According to the data of epifluorescent and electron microscopy, the microparticle size varied from 500 nm to 3-4 microm and the particles were multimeric star-shaped spheres or aggregates formed by several fused microspheres. Some properties of the microspheres were studied. It was found that the Mg2+ cations comprising the PCR buffer played a key role in the formation of microparticles and the stabilization of their structures.