Review: the need for smoking cessation among HIV-positive smokers

AIDS Educ Prev. 2009 Jun;21(3 Suppl):14-27. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2009.21.3_supp.14.


Most HIV-positive persons in the U.S. smoke cigarettes. Despite substantial clinical advances in HIV care in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), HIV-positive persons are at high risk of tobacco-related disease and death. HIV-positive persons have complex social, economic, psychiatric, and medical needs that may impact smoking behavior and response to smoking cessation interventions, but there is a dearth of research on smoking cessation interventions tailored to HIV-positive persons. HIV care providers should treat tobacco use with the array of evidence-based smoking cessation treatments available, updating their clinical practice as new data emerge. This article reviews the literature on the health consequences of tobacco use in HIV-positive persons, the treatment of tobacco dependence, and the research to date on smoking cessation interventions in HIV-positive persons, and it presents recommendations for future research and intervention.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use
  • Evidence-Based Practice
  • HIV Infections / complications*
  • HIV Infections / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Prevalence
  • Quality of Life
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / adverse effects*
  • Smoking Cessation*
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / complications*
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / prevention & control


  • Anti-HIV Agents