Feline Sporotrichosis in the Southern Region of Rio Grande Do Sul, Brazil: Clinical, Zoonotic and Therapeutic Aspects

Zoonoses Public Health. 2010 Mar;57(2):151-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1863-2378.2008.01227.x. Epub 2009 Jun 17.

Abstract

Clinical cases of feline sporotrichosis, originating in the Pelotas region and diagnosed at the Laboratory of Infectious Diseases (UFPel), were studied in the period from 2002 to 2006. The animals were evaluated according to the clinical forms of the mycosis, time of lesion appearance, severity of the clinical diagnosis and evolution of cutaneous lesions throughout the treatment period. Mycological analyses, carried out through direct examination, cultivation of tissue samples and exudates of feline lesions all confirmed the diagnosis of sporotrichosis in the 15 animals under study. The cutaneous dissemination form was observed in 10 animals, of which three showed prostration, anorexia and dehydration. The zoonosis occurred in 20% of case studies, and the pet owners and one attendant at a veterinary clinic were infected, developing the fixed and disseminated cutaneous forms. The treatment of mycosis was carried out with itraconazole, 10 mg kg(-1), once a day, on 12 animals. The cure of the clinical symptoms was observed on 50% of the felines. This study demonstrates a good clinical response of felines with sporotrichosis, when they were treated itraconazole and calls the attention for the incidence of human sporotrichosis on people related to the veterinary activity as well as for pet owners.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Cat Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Cat Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cat Diseases / transmission*
  • Cats
  • Disease Outbreaks / veterinary
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Itraconazole / therapeutic use*
  • Male
  • Sporotrichosis / drug therapy
  • Sporotrichosis / epidemiology
  • Sporotrichosis / transmission
  • Sporotrichosis / veterinary*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Zoonoses*

Substances

  • Antifungal Agents
  • Itraconazole