Immune cells and angiogenesis

J Cell Mol Med. 2009 Sep;13(9A):2822-33. doi: 10.1111/j.1582-4934.2009.00810.x. Epub 2009 Jun 16.


Both innate and adaptive immune cells are involved in the mechanisms of endothelial cell proliferation, migration and activation, through the production and release of a large spectrum of pro-angiogenic mediators. These may create the specific microenvironment that favours an increased rate of tissue vascularization. In this review, we will focus on the immune cell component of the angiogenic process in inflammation and tumour growth. As angiogenesis is the result of a net balance between the activities exerted by positive and negative regulators, we will also provide information on some antiangiogenic properties of immune cells that may be utilized for a potential pharmacological use as antiangiogenic agents in inflammation as well as in cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Transdifferentiation
  • Humans
  • Immunity*
  • Inflammation / complications
  • Inflammation / immunology
  • Neoplasms / complications
  • Neoplasms / immunology
  • Neoplasms / pathology
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / complications
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / immunology*
  • Stem Cells / cytology