Prevalence and predictors of dysmenorrhea among students at a university in Turkey

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009 Oct;107(1):39-43. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2009.05.010. Epub 2009 Jun 17.


Objective: To determine the prevalence of dysmenorrhea among Turkish university students and to evaluate the effects of sociodemographic characteristics on the condition.

Method: A cross-sectional survey of 857 students conducted by questionnaire in April 2007 at a university in Turkey. A visual analogue scale was used to assess the severity of dysmenorrhea. Data were analyzed using the chi(2) test and logistic regression analysis.

Results: The prevalence of dysmenorrhea was 55.5% (444 out of 800 women). Risk of dysmenorrhea was approximately 1.5-times higher in women with a satisfactory spending allowance (OR 1.49; 95% CI, 1.05-2.13); 3.5-times higher in women with a family history of dysmenorrhea (OR 3.48; 95% CI, 2.54-4.78); 1.5-times higher in women who were underweight compared with overweight/obese women (OR 1.52; 95% CI 0.99-2.33); 1.6-times higher in women who reported a history of smoking (OR 1.57; 95% CI, 1.10-2.25); and 1.8-times higher in women with an excessive sugar intake (OR 1.77; 95% CI, 1.15-2.72).

Conclusion: The high prevalence of dysmenorrhea among Turkish university students is a significant health problem that requires attention.

MeSH terms

  • Body Weight
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dietary Sucrose / adverse effects
  • Dysmenorrhea / epidemiology*
  • Dysmenorrhea / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Menarche
  • Pain Measurement
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Students / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Turkey / epidemiology
  • Universities / statistics & numerical data
  • Young Adult


  • Dietary Sucrose