Role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha in fasting-mediated oxidative stress

Free Radic Biol Med. 2009 Sep 15;47(6):767-78. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2009.06.017. Epub 2009 Jun 17.


The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) regulates lipid homeostasis, particularly in the liver. This study was aimed at elucidating the relationship between hepatosteatosis and oxidative stress during fasting. Fasted Ppara-null mice exhibited marked hepatosteatosis, which was associated with elevated levels of lipid peroxidation, nitric oxide synthase activity, and hydrogen peroxide accumulation. Total glutathione (GSH), mitochondrial GSH, and the activities of major antioxidant enzymes were also lower in the fasted Ppara-null mice. Consequently, the number and extent of nitrated proteins were markedly increased in the fasted Ppara-null mice, although high levels of protein nitration were still detected in the fed Ppara-null mice while many oxidatively modified proteins were only found in the fasted Ppara-null mice. However, the role of inflammation in increased oxidative stress in the fasted Ppara-null mice was minimal based on the similar levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha change in all groups. These results with increased oxidative stress observed in the fasted Ppara-null mice compared with other groups demonstrate a role for PPAR alpha in fasting-mediated oxidative stress and that inhibition of PPAR alpha functions may increase the susceptibility to oxidative damage in the presence of another toxic agent.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Fasting / metabolism*
  • Fatty Liver / genetics
  • Fatty Liver / metabolism
  • Fatty Liver / pathology
  • Glutathione / metabolism
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / metabolism
  • Lipid Peroxidation / genetics
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Liver / pathology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mitochondria, Liver / genetics
  • Mitochondria, Liver / metabolism*
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase / metabolism
  • Nitro Compounds / metabolism
  • Oxidative Stress / physiology*
  • PPAR alpha / genetics
  • PPAR alpha / metabolism*
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism


  • Nitro Compounds
  • PPAR alpha
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase
  • Glutathione