Self-tonometry in glaucoma management--past, present and future

Surv Ophthalmol. 2009 Jul-Aug;54(4):450-62. doi: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2009.04.006.


Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Diagnosis and management of glaucoma is significantly associated with intraocular pressure, but contemporary office-based measurements are not sufficient to discover diurnal changes and spikes, nor do they demonstrate the effect of medication and compliance. Patient-directed self-tonometry can be taken throughout the day and is therefore the subject of much discussion and research. In this article we review the history of self-tonometry devices and present technologies for the future.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Circadian Rhythm / physiology
  • Glaucoma / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure / physiology*
  • Monitoring, Ambulatory / trends*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self Care / trends*
  • Tonometry, Ocular / instrumentation
  • Tonometry, Ocular / trends*