Prevalence of cervical cytological abnormalities in Turkey

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009 Sep;106(3):206-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2009.04.003. Epub 2009 Jun 21.


Objective: To evaluate retrospectively the prevalence of cervical cytological abnormalities in patient records obtained from healthcare centers in Turkey.

Method: Demographic characteristics and data on cervical cytological abnormalities were evaluated from patients who underwent Pap tests in healthcare centers in 2007.

Results: Data were collected from 33 healthcare centers totaling 140334 patients. Overall, the prevalence of cervical cytological abnormalities was 1.8%; the prevalence of ASCUS, ASC-H, LSIL, HSIL, and AGC was 1.07%, 0.07%, 0.3%, 0.17%, and 0.08%, respectively. The prevalence of preinvasive cervical neoplasia was 1.7% and the prevalence of cytologically diagnosed invasive neoplasia was 0.06%.

Conclusion: The abnormal cervical cytological prevalence rate in Turkey is lower than in Europe and North America. This might be due to sociocultural differences, lack of population-based screening programs, or a lower HPV prevalence rate in Turkey.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Turkey
  • Uterine Cervical Dysplasia / epidemiology*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Vaginal Smears
  • Young Adult