Who attends and who benefits from CBT "self-confidence" workshops run in routine practice? A pilot study

Behav Cogn Psychother. 2009 Oct;37(5):585-93. doi: 10.1017/S1352465809990129. Epub 2009 Jun 23.


Background: This study examined characteristics of members of the public who self-referred and the effectiveness of psycho-educational CBT self-confidence workshops when run in routine practice.

Method: Repeated measures were employed at pre- and post-workshop stages.

Results: Of the 56 members of the general public who self-referred to the workshops, 70% were above the clinical cut-offs for Global Distress (CORE OM) and 86% were above the clinical cut offs for depression symptomatology (CES-D). Follow up data (n = 31) showed significant reduction in self-reported distress and depression at 4-week follow-up. A further analysis showed that those whose scores were above the clinical threshold at initial presentation benefited most but those with scores below the threshold did not seem to benefit.

Conclusions: This study demonstrates that psycho-educational CBT workshops attract those with high levels of distress and depression, and have potential as a cost effective means of disseminating psychological interventions.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Anxiety / psychology
  • Anxiety / therapy*
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy / methods*
  • Consumer Behavior
  • Depression / psychology
  • Depression / therapy*
  • Education*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • London
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation*
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data
  • Pilot Projects
  • Psychometrics
  • Self Concept*
  • Socioeconomic Factors