Effects of Pancreas Cold Ischemia on Islet Function and Quality

Transplant Proc. 2009 Jun;41(5):1808-9. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2009.03.075.

Abstract

We used a rat model of pancreas cold preservation to assess its effects on islets. Glands were surgically retrieved and stored in University of Wisconsin (UW) solution for 3 hours (Short) or 18 hours (Long) cold ischemia time (CIT). Islet yield was significantly lower in the Long-CIT than the Short-CIT group, as well as islet recovery after overnight culture (P < .01). Islet cell viability after isolation was significantly reduced in the Long-CIT group (P < .05). Reversal of diabetes following transplantation of suboptimal islet grafts occurred earlier in the Short-CIT group than the Long-CIT. All animals in the Short-CIT group and 80% in the Long-CIT group achieved euglycemia. Freshly isolated islets showed a significant increase of JNK and p38 (P < .05) phosphorylation in Long-CIT compared with Short-CIT. Histopathological assessment of the pancreas showed a significantly higher injury score. Proteomic analysis of pancreatic tissue led to identification of 5 proteins consistently differentially expressed between Short-CIT and Long-CIT. Better understanding of the molecular pathways involved in this phenomenon will be of assistance in defining targeted interventions to improve organ use in the clinical arena.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine
  • Allopurinol
  • Animals
  • Cell Survival
  • Glutathione
  • Insulin
  • Ischemia
  • Islets of Langerhans / cytology*
  • Islets of Langerhans / pathology
  • Male
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases / metabolism
  • Organ Preservation Solutions
  • Pancreas / blood supply
  • Pancreas / cytology*
  • Pancreas / pathology
  • Phosphotransferases / metabolism
  • Raffinose
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Lew
  • Tissue and Organ Harvesting / methods

Substances

  • Insulin
  • Organ Preservation Solutions
  • University of Wisconsin-lactobionate solution
  • Allopurinol
  • Phosphotransferases
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
  • Glutathione
  • Adenosine
  • Raffinose