Spontaneous spinal extradural hematoma is a rare clinical entity, commonly associated with coagulopathies, tumours or vascular malformations. They are often a neurosurgical emergency, therefore prompt diagnosis and early treatment are necessary. The Cobb syndrome is a neurocutaneous syndrome in which there are metameric vascular skin nevus and spinal arteriovenous malformation. The authors report the case of a 52-year-old woman with acute cervical myelopathy and a cervical cutaneous hemangioma on clinical examination. It is stressed the importance of clinical suspicion of cutaneo-meningospinal angiomatosis based on a spinal cord syndrome in the presence of a vascular skin nevus of the same metameric level.