Expression profile of nuclear receptors upon Epstein -- Barr virus induced B cell transformation

Exp Oncol. 2009 Jun;31(2):92-6.


Background: Infection of human B cells with Epstein - Barr virus (EBV) induces metabolic activation, morphological transformation, cell proliferation and eventual immortalization.

Aim: To identify the nuclear receptors, which are the cellular interaction partners of EBNAs, that will help to elucidate the mechanism of B cell transformation.

Methods: We have compared the nuclear receptor profile in the naïve and EBV-transformed B-lymphocytes, using TaqMan LDA microfluidic card technology.

Results: Out of 48 nuclear receptor, 17 showed differential expression at the mRNA level. The expression of 5 genes was elevated in EBV-transformed cells, whereas 12 genes were downregulated in lymphoblastoid cells (LCLs). 7 genes were studied at the protein level; 2 genes were up regulated (Nr2F2 and RARA) and 4 genes were down regulated (ERB, NUR77, PPARG, and VDR) in LCLs.

Conclusion: The nuclear receptor profiling on EBV infected B cells showed alterations of nuclear receptors expression at both mRNA and protein levels compared with non infected peripheral blood cells. Further analysis on a possible role of each nuclear receptor in EBV induced cell transformation should be performed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • B-Lymphocytes / virology*
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics*
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / metabolism
  • Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / genetics*
  • Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / metabolism
  • Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens / genetics
  • Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens / metabolism
  • Gene Expression
  • Herpesvirus 4, Human / genetics
  • Herpesvirus 4, Human / metabolism
  • Humans
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / genetics*
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / metabolism


  • Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear