Supernumerary B chromosomes represent one of many causes of numerical chromosome variation that exist in higher plants and animals. Sequences of DNA unique to B chromosomes of Brachycome dichromosomatica were enriched prior to cloning and resultant clones hybridizing only to plants containing B chromosomes were further investigated. Sequences of DNA that were characterised include members of a family of 176-bp tandem repeats that are specific to the B chromosomes of B. dichromosomatica, an annual Australian native plant species with only two pairs of A chromosomes and up to three dispensable B chromosomes. Sequence analysis of these six related clones indicated that some regions of the sequence are more highly conserved than others or, alternatively, that some adenine residues at the NdeII site are methylated. The repeat is homologous to DNA from Brachycome ciliaris var. languinosa but not to DNA from other related taxa growing in the vicinity of the B. dichromosomatica populations.