Vitamin B12 is the active corrinoid produced in cultivated white button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus)

J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Jul 22;57(14):6327-33. doi: 10.1021/jf9010966.


Analysis of vitamin B(12) in freshly harvested white button mushrooms ( Agaricus bisporus ) from five farms was performed by affinity chromatography and HPLC-ESI-MS techniques. The vitamin B(12) concentrations obtained varied from farm to farm, with higher concentrations of vitamin B(12) detected in outer peel than in cap, stalk, or flesh, suggesting that the vitamin B(12) is probably bacteria-derived. High concentrations of vitamin B(12) were also detected in the flush mushrooms including cups and flats. HPLC and mass spectrometry showed vitamin B(12) retention time and mass spectra identical to those of the standard vitamin B(12) and those of food products including beef, beef liver, salmon, egg, and milk but not of the pseudovitamin B(12), an inactive corrinoid in humans. The results suggest that the consumer may benefit from the consumption of mushroom to increase intake of this vitamin in the diet.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Agaricus / chemistry
  • Agaricus / metabolism*
  • Agriculture
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Food Analysis
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
  • Vitamin B 12 / analysis
  • Vitamin B 12 / biosynthesis*


  • Vitamin B 12