Cyclophilin D gene ablation protects mice from ischemic renal injury

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2009 Sep;297(3):F749-59. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00239.2009. Epub 2009 Jun 24.

Abstract

Increased oxidative stress and intracellular calcium levels and mitochondrial overloading of calcium during ischemic renal injury (IRI) favor mitochondrial membrane permeability transition pore (MPTP) opening and subsequent necrotic cell death. Cyclophilin D (CypD) is an essential component of MPTP, and recent findings implicate its role in necrotic, but not apoptotic, cell death. To evaluate the role of CypD following IRI, we tested the hypothesis that CypD gene ablation protects mice from IRI. Renal function as assessed by plasma levels of both creatinine and blood urea nitrogen was significantly reduced in CypD knockout (CypD(-/-)) mice compared with wild-type mice during the 5-day post-ischemia period. Erythrocyte trapping, tubular cell necrosis, tubular dilatation, and neutrophil infiltration were significantly decreased in CypD(-/-) mice. To define the mechanisms by which CypD deficiency protect the kidneys, an in vitro model of IRI was employed. Inhibition of CypD using cyclosporin A in oxidant-injured cultured proximal tubular cells (PTC) prevented mitochondrial membrane depolarization, reduced LDH release, ATP depletion and necrotic cell death. Similarly, oxidant-injured CypD(-/-) PTC primary cultures were protected from cytotoxicity and necrosis. To conclude, CypD gene ablation offers both functional and morphological protection in mice following IRI by decreasing necrotic cell death possibly via inhibition of MPTP and ATP depletion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Blood Urea Nitrogen
  • Creatinine / blood
  • Cyclophilin D
  • Cyclophilins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Cyclophilins / deficiency*
  • Cyclophilins / genetics
  • Cyclosporine / pharmacology
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Epithelial Cells / drug effects
  • Epithelial Cells / metabolism*
  • Epithelial Cells / pathology
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / toxicity
  • Kidney / blood supply
  • Kidney / drug effects
  • Kidney / metabolism*
  • Kidney / pathology
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / metabolism
  • LLC-PK1 Cells
  • Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mitochondria / metabolism
  • Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins / metabolism
  • Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore
  • Necrosis
  • Neutrophil Infiltration
  • Oxidants / toxicity
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Reperfusion Injury / genetics
  • Reperfusion Injury / metabolism
  • Reperfusion Injury / pathology
  • Reperfusion Injury / prevention & control*
  • Swine
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Cyclophilin D
  • Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore
  • Oxidants
  • PPIF protein, mouse
  • Cyclosporine
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Creatinine
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
  • Cyclophilins