Expression of eight genes of nuclear factor-kappa B pathway in multiple myeloma using bone marrow aspirates obtained at diagnosis

Histol Histopathol. 2009 Aug;24(8):991-7. doi: 10.14670/HH-24.991.


Purpose: To evaluate the expression of NF-kappaB pathway genes in total bone marrow samples obtained from MM at diagnosis using real-time quantitative PCR and to evaluate its possible correlation with disease clinical features and survival.

Material and methods: Expression of eight genes related to NF-kappaB pathway (NFKB1, IKB, RANK, RANKL, OPG, IL6, VCAM1 and ICAM1) were studied in 53 bone marrow samples from newly diagnosed MM patients and in seven normal controls, using the Taqman system. Genes were considered overexpressed when tumor expression level was at least four times higher than that observed in normal samples.

Results: The percentages of overexpression of the eight genes were: NFKB1 0%, IKB 22.6%, RANK 15.1%, RANKL 31.3%, OPG 7.5%, IL6 39.6%, VCAM1 10% and ICAM1 26%. We found association between IL6 expression level and International Staging System (ISS) (p=0.01), meaning that MM patients with high ISS scores have more chance of overexpression of IL6. The mean value of ICAM1 relative expression was also associated with the ISS score (p=0.02). Regarding OS, cases with IL6 overexpression present worse evolution than cases with IL6 normal expression (p=0.04).

Conclusion: We demonstrated that total bone marrow aspirates can be used as a source of material for gene expression studies in MM. In this context, we confirmed that IL6 overexpression was significantly associated with worse survival and we described that it is associated with high ISS scores. Also, ICAM1 was overexpressed in 26% of cases and its level was associated with ISS scores.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism
  • Case-Control Studies
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression*
  • Humans
  • I-kappa B Proteins
  • Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 / metabolism*
  • Interleukin-6 / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiple Myeloma / diagnosis
  • Multiple Myeloma / metabolism*
  • NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha
  • NF-kappa B / genetics
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism*
  • NF-kappa B p50 Subunit / metabolism*
  • Osteoprotegerin / metabolism*
  • Pilot Projects
  • RANK Ligand / metabolism*
  • Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B / metabolism*
  • Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 / metabolism*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • I-kappa B Proteins
  • Interleukin-6
  • NF-kappa B
  • NF-kappa B p50 Subunit
  • NFKB1 protein, human
  • NFKBIA protein, human
  • Osteoprotegerin
  • RANK Ligand
  • Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B
  • TNFRSF11A protein, human
  • Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
  • Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
  • NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha