Peripherally induced movement disorders

Neurol Clin. 2009 Aug;27(3):821-32, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.ncl.2009.04.005.


Peripherally induced movement disorders may be defined as involuntary or abnormal movements triggered by trauma to the cranial or peripheral nerves or roots. Although patients often recall some history of trauma before the onset of a movement disorder, determining the true relationship of the disorder to the earlier trauma is often difficult. The pathophysiology of these disorders is reviewed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cranial Nerve Injuries / complications*
  • Dystonia / etiology
  • Dystonia / physiopathology
  • Hemifacial Spasm / etiology
  • Hemifacial Spasm / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Movement Disorders / etiology*
  • Movement Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Parkinsonian Disorders / etiology
  • Parkinsonian Disorders / physiopathology
  • Peripheral Nerve Injuries*
  • Tremor / etiology
  • Tremor / physiopathology