Review of Teriflunomide and Its Potential in the Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2009;5:333-40. Epub 2009 Jun 10.

Abstract

In the light of new cases of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy and induced autoimmunity in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients who received treatment with upcoming disease-modifying immunosuppressant drugs with a highly specific mode of action such as natalizumab, rituximab, or alemtuzumab, alternative oral treatment options for a subgroup of less severely affected MS patients are a major focus of drug development. These agents are currently investigated in phase III clinical trials and some of them are characterized by a favorable safety profile. With an emphasis on teriflunomide, the active metabolite of an immunosuppressant approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis since 1998, a number of oral treatment options for patients with MS are discussed.

Keywords: immunosuppressant; multiple sclerosis; oral drugs; teriflunomide.