Protein transport across the peroxisomal membrane

Biol Chem. 2009 Aug;390(8):745-51. doi: 10.1515/BC.2009.104.

Abstract

The maintenance of peroxisome function depends on the formation of the peroxisomal membrane and the subsequent import of both membrane and matrix proteins. Without exception, peroxisomal matrix proteins are nuclear encoded, synthesized on free ribosomes and subsequently imported post-translationally. In contrast to other translocation systems that transport unfolded polypeptide chains, the peroxisomal import apparatus can facilitate the transport of folded and oligomeric proteins across the peroxisomal membrane. The peroxisomal protein import is mediated by cycling receptors that shuttle between the cytosol and peroxisomal lumen and depends on ATP and ubiquitin. In this brief review, we will summarize our current knowledge on the import of soluble proteins into the peroxisomal matrix.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Membranes / metabolism*
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Membrane Proteins / physiology
  • Peroxisomal Disorders / physiopathology
  • Peroxisomal Targeting Signal 2 Receptor
  • Peroxisome-Targeting Signal 1 Receptor
  • Peroxisomes / metabolism*
  • Pinocytosis / physiology
  • Protein Transport
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / physiology
  • Ubiquitination

Substances

  • Membrane Proteins
  • Peroxisomal Targeting Signal 2 Receptor
  • Peroxisome-Targeting Signal 1 Receptor
  • Pex13 protein, mouse
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear