The hierarchical structure of well-being

J Pers. 2009 Aug;77(4):1025-50. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00573.x. Epub 2009 May 18.

Abstract

Theories of hedonic, eudaimonic, and social well-being provide 3 extensively studied models for explaining flourishing mental health. Few studies have examined whether these models can be integrated into a comprehensive structure of well-being. The present study builds upon previous theoretical and empirical work to determine the complex relationships among these 3 models of well-being. Confirmatory factor analysis techniques were used to test a series of models in order to (a) confirm the proposed latent structures of hedonic, eudaimonic, and social well-being and (b) examine whether these models could be successfully integrated into a hierarchical structure of well-being. In 2 large samples, results supported the proposed latent structures of hedonic, eudaimonic, and social well-being and indicated that the various components of well-being could be represented most parsimoniously with 3 oblique second-order constructs of hedonic, eudaimonic, and social well-being.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Individuality
  • Male
  • Mental Health*
  • Models, Psychological*
  • Personal Satisfaction*
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Self Concept*
  • Social Behavior
  • Social Environment