Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: quo vadis?

Respir Care. 2009 Jul;54(7):948-57. doi: 10.4187/002013209793800402.


Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, a form of artificial circulatory support, continues to evolve beyond its well-established neonatal applications. It is often the most aggressive aspect of treatment algorithms in the management of severe respiratory and cardiac failure. While its use is relatively infrequent and executed in a small number of centers, it remains an important supportive measure while organ function is preserved and restored. Refinements in equipment and techniques continue to develop; patient-selection has changed, in adults and children, and cardiac applications have gained prominence.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Equipment Design
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation*
  • Heart Failure / complications
  • Heart Failure / physiopathology
  • Heart Failure / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Patient Selection
  • Respiration, Artificial*
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / complications
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / physiopathology
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / therapy*