Detecting fake-good and fake-bad MMPI-2 profiles

J Pers Assess. 1991 Oct;57(2):264-77. doi: 10.1207/s15327752jpa5702_6.


This study examined the extent to which the validity scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) could identify subjects who were faking bad or faking good and differentiate between psychiatric patients and normal subjects who were faking bad. Subjects were 106 undergraduate college students and 50 psychiatric patients. Results indicate that the mean profiles and optimal cutoff scores resembled those previously reported for the original MMPI. Accurate identification of persons who were faking bad or faking good was achieved. It was possible to differentiate between the psychiatric patients and normal persons who were faking bad, but different cutoff scores were needed to differentiate between normals taking the test under standard instructions and those instructed to fake bad. Optimal cutoff scores were suggested.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Deception*
  • Female
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • MMPI / statistics & numerical data*
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Mental Disorders / psychology*
  • Personality Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Personality Disorders / psychology*
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results