The concurrent validity of a hand-held versus a stationary dynamometer in testing isometric shoulder strength

J Hand Ther. Oct-Dec 2009;22(4):320-6; quiz 327. doi: 10.1016/j.jht.2009.04.008. Epub 2009 Jun 26.

Abstract

Study design: Clinical Measurement-Validity.

Introduction: Validity of the JTech PowerTrack II hand-held dynamometer (JTech; JTech Medical, Salt Lake City, UT) for measuring shoulder strength has yet to be established.

Purpose of the study: To examine the concurrent validity of isometric strength scores obtained with the JTech PowerTrack II, and on a stationary dynamometer, the LIDO WorkSET (LIDO; LoredanBiomedical, West Sacramento, CA).

Methods: Thirty-eight subjects performed three maximal efforts of shoulder flexion, abduction, and external rotation on a single occasion on the two dynamometers. Two testers were randomly assigned to administer the tests.

Results: Pearson correlations between the scores on the two dynamometers (r.0.81) indicated a good concurrent validity. Correlations were similar when the results were subdivided by tester or gender.

Conclusions: This study suggests that either the JTech PowerTrack II or LIDOWorkSET provide comparable scores for shoulder strength. Although not interchangeable because of the differences in units of measurement, the relative conclusions about strength should be similar, regardless of which instrument is used.

Level of evidence: Not applicable.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Isometric Contraction / physiology*
  • Male
  • Muscle Strength / physiology*
  • Muscle Strength Dynamometer*
  • Random Allocation
  • Rotation
  • Sampling Studies
  • Shoulder Joint / physiology*