Limits to truth-telling: neurologists' communication in conversion disorder

Patient Educ Couns. 2009 Nov;77(2):296-301. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2009.05.021. Epub 2009 Jun 27.


Objective: Neurologists face a dilemma when communicating with their conversion disorder patients - whether to be frank, and risk losing the patient's trust, or to disclose less, in the hope of building a therapeutic relationship. This study reports how neurologists in the UK described dealing with this dilemma in their practice.

Methods: Practicing consultant neurologists from an NHS region were recruited by snowball sampling. Twenty-two of 35 consultants in the region were interviewed in depth, and the interviews qualitatively analysed.

Results: The neurologists were reluctant to disclose conversion disorder as a differential diagnosis until they were certain. They were guided by the receptivity of their patients as to how psychological to make their eventual explanations, but they did not discuss their suspicions about feigning. They described their communications as much easier now than they had seen in training.

Conclusion: Neurologists adapt their disclosure to their patients, which facilitates communication, but imposes some limits on truth-telling. In particular, it may sometimes result in a changed diagnosis.

Practice implications: An optimum strategy for communicating diagnoses will need to balance ethical considerations with demonstrated therapeutic benefit.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Communication*
  • Conversion Disorder / diagnosis*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurology / ethics*
  • Physician-Patient Relations*
  • Truth Disclosure / ethics*
  • United Kingdom