Aims: This study was performed to evaluate the relationship between three different natriuretic peptides and left ventricular mass, function and diameter, and kidney function in patients with hypertension.
Methods: One hundred and thirty-nine patients with moderate hypertension were consecutively included. N-terminal brain natriuretic peptide (Nt-BNP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (Nt-ANP) were analyzed. Cardiac remodeling was assessed by echocardiography (UCG) and glomerular filtration was estimated by cystatin C.
Results: Patients were stratified into four groups with regard to the extent of cardiac remodeling: (1) no remodeling; (2) one of left ventricular hypertrophy, left ventricular dysfunction or left ventricular dilatation; (3) two of above and (4) all three parameters. All peptides differed significantly between the groups (all p<0.001), with a continuous stepwise increase from groups 1 through 4. Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed equal diagnostic performances for the detection of any cardiac abnormalities for Nt-BNP [area under curve, AUC=0.63 (0.52-0.75), p=0.026] and BNP [AUC=0.64 (0.53-0.76), p=0.019], both, however superior to Nt-ANP [AUC=0.59 (0.47-0.70), p=0.139]. In multivariable linear regression analysis, all three indicators of cardiac remodeling were independently correlated with ln Nt-BNP and ln BNP, whereas only left ventricular diameter was independently correlated with ln Nt-ANP.
Conclusions: Natriuretic peptide levels increased with increasing number of markers of cardiac remodeling. Nt-BNP and BNP are useful to discriminate between patients with regard to cardiac remodeling and might be considered a screening tool in order select patients eligible for further examination with UCG examination.