The purpose of the present study is to identify whether interleukin (IL)-18 can modulate cysteinyl leukotriene 2 receptor (CysLT2R) expression in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs) and how it influences the cell death. According to the results from real-time reverse transcription PCR, confocal laser scanning microscopy, and western blotting, a dose-dependent augmentation of CysLT2R protein expression in HUVECs was triggered by IL-18 for the first 2 h followed by down-regulation within the next 22 h after IL-18 administration. The flow cytometry showed that non-selective CysLT1R and CysLT2R antagonist BAY-u9773 could attenuate the early stage apoptosis mediated by IL-18 whereas CysLT1R antagonist Montelukast couldn't. Also, pretreatment with BAY-u9773 suppressed calcium influx of HUVECs induced by IL-18 whereas Montelukast didn't work. The observation that progression of cell death aggravated by IL-18 could be attenuated by BAY-u9773 may offer a chance to develop a novel way to treat arteriosclerosis.