Catalysis of guanine nucleotide exchange on the CDC42Hs protein by the dbl oncogene product

Nature. 1991 Nov 28;354(6351):311-4. doi: 10.1038/354311a0.


THE superfamily of low molecular mass GTP-binding proteins, for which the ras proteins are prototypes, has been implicated in the regulation of diverse biological activities including protein trafficking, secretion, and cell growth and differentiation. One member of this family, CDC42Hs (originally referred to as Gp or G25K), seems to be the human homologue of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell-division-cycle protein, CDC42Sc. A second S. cerevisiae protein, CDC24, which is known from complementation studies to act with CDC42Sc to regulate the development of normal cell shape and the selection of nonrandom budding sites in yeast, contains a region with sequence similarity to the dbl oncogene product. Here we show that dbl specifically catalyses the dissociation of GDP from CDC42Hs and thereby qualifies as a highly selective guanine nucleotide exchange factor for the GTP-binding protein. Although guanine nucleotide exchange activities have been previously described for other members of the Ras-related GTP-binding protein family, this is the first demonstration, to our knowledge, of the involvement of a human oncogenic protein in catalysing exchange activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Enzyme Activation
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • GTP Phosphohydrolases / metabolism
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors
  • Guanosine Diphosphate / metabolism
  • Guanosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Signal Transduction
  • cdc42 GTP-Binding Protein
  • cdc42 GTP-Binding Protein, Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • ras Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors


  • Fungal Proteins
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors
  • MCF2 protein, human
  • Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • ras Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors
  • Guanosine Diphosphate
  • Guanosine Triphosphate
  • GTP Phosphohydrolases
  • GTP-Binding Proteins
  • cdc42 GTP-Binding Protein
  • cdc42 GTP-Binding Protein, Saccharomyces cerevisiae