Purpose: Our aim was to compare perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) using carbon-11 labelled methionine (MET) in gliomas and their value in differentiating tumour recurrence from necrosis.
Materials and methods: We retrospectively reviewed 28 patients with a high-grade glioma. A total of 33MR perfusions and MET-PET were ultimately analysable for comparison between the relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and MET-PET examinations. Intra- and interobserver reproducibility was assessed and diagnostic value of rCBV compared to MET-PET and histology was assessed by the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.
Results: ROC curve analysis showed that rCBV had at least equal performances in differentiating tumour recurrence and necrosis than MET-PET. Cut-off value of rCBV for differentiating tumour from necrosis was 182% with a sensitivity of 81.5% and a specificity of 100%.
Conclusion: In clinical practice, perfusion MRI could replace MET-PET for differentiating necrosis from tumour recurrence.
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