Long-run labour market and health effects of individual sports activities

J Health Econ. 2009 Jul;28(4):839-54. doi: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2009.05.003. Epub 2009 Jun 6.


This microeconometric study analyzes the effects of individual leisure sports participation on long-term labour market variables, health and subjective well-being indicators for West Germany based on individual data from the German Socio-Economic Panel study (GSOEP) 1984-2006. Econometric problems due to individuals choosing their own level of sports activities are tackled by combining informative data and flexible semiparametric estimation methods with a specific way to use the panel dimension of the data. The paper shows that sports activities have sizeable positive long-term labour market effects in terms of earnings and wages, as well as positive effects on health and subjective well-being.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Employment / economics*
  • Female
  • Germany
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Leisure Activities / economics*
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Models, Economic
  • Sports / economics*
  • Young Adult