Innate immune responses to Encephalitozoon species infections

Microbes Infect. 2009 Oct;11(12):905-11. doi: 10.1016/j.micinf.2009.06.004. Epub 2009 Jun 30.


Microsporidia are obligate intracellular, eukaryotic fungi, which have gained recognition as opportunistic parasites in immunocompromised patients. Resistance to lethal microsporidia infections requires a Th1 immune response; how this protection is initiated against Encephalitozoon species is the focus of this review article.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dendritic Cells / immunology
  • Encephalitozoon / immunology*
  • Encephalitozoonosis / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Innate*
  • Macrophages / immunology