Treatment of head lice

Dermatol Ther. 2009 Jul-Aug;22(4):273-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1529-8019.2009.01242.x.


Pediculosis capitis, or head lice, is a common infestation among children worldwide. Multiple therapies exist for the treatment of this condition, including topical pediculicides and oral medications. When used in combination with environmental decontamination, these drugs can be very effective in eradicating head lice infestation without significant adverse events. The present study discusses the use of available over-the-counter and prescription treatments, including pyrethroids and permethrin, lindane, malathion, ivermectin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, in the treatment of head lice.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Insecticide Resistance
  • Insecticides / adverse effects
  • Insecticides / therapeutic use*
  • Lice Infestations / drug therapy*
  • Pediculus*


  • Insecticides