Introduction: The need for colonoscopy is common among diabetics. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of autonomous neuropathy on bowel preparation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients.
Materials and methods: The study population consisted of 45 patients with DM and 48 non-diabetic, age- and sex-matched subjects. All colonoscopies were performed 5 h after the last dose of sodium phosphate. Colonoscopists rated the bowel preparation quality during the procedure using the Aronchick scale. All patients underwent a detailed cardiologic examination and 24-h Holter rhythm monitoring. Orthostatic hypotension and impairment in heart rate variability were accepted as indicators of autonomous neuropathy.
Results: Gender, age, blood pressure, and heart rates did not differ significantly between groups (p > 0.05). Autonomous neuropathy was detected in 14 (31.1%) patients in the DM group and in two (4.2%) in the control group (p < 0.05). Optimal bowel cleansing was achieved in 93.8% of controls and 73.3% of diabetics; bowel cleansing was suboptimal in 26.7% of diabetics and 6.2% of controls (p < 0.05). Optimal bowel cleansing was achieved in six of 14 (42.8%) diabetic patients with autonomous neuropathy; however, optimal bowel cleansing was achieved in 27 of 31 (87.1%) diabetic patients without autonomous neuropathy (p < 0.05). Although optimal bowel cleansing was more prevalent among control patients than in diabetic patients without autonomous neuropathy, the difference was not significant (87.1% vs 93.8%; p > 0.05).
Conclusion: These data suggest that optimal bowel cleansing is poorer in diabetics with autonomous neuropathy than in those without autonomous neuropathy and controls.