Management of acute post-operative portal venous thrombosis

J Gastrointest Surg. 2010 Mar;14(3):570-7. doi: 10.1007/s11605-009-0967-7. Epub 2009 Jul 7.


Background: Portal vein thrombosis can be a devastating, but often overlooked, complication of hepatobiliary procedures. Symptoms of acute portal vein thrombosis range from nondescript abdominal pain to septic shock secondary to mesenteric ischemia.

Discussion: The surgeon must be cognizant of these symptoms and the potential for portal vein thrombosis after any hepatobiliary procedures as an expedient diagnosis and treatment is necessary in order to prevent thrombus propagation, bowel ischemia, and death. This report outlines the symptoms, diagnosis, and a review of the literature on the treatment of acute portal vein thrombosis after hepatobiliary surgery with a special note made regarding a case of portal vein thrombosis after pancreatectomy and autologous islet cell transplantation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biliary Tract Surgical Procedures / adverse effects
  • Biliary Tract Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Female
  • Hepatectomy / adverse effects
  • Hepatectomy / methods
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Phlebography / methods
  • Portal Vein*
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnosis
  • Postoperative Complications / drug therapy*
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Postoperative Complications / mortality
  • Postoperative Complications / surgery*
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Survival Rate
  • Thrombectomy / methods*
  • Thrombolytic Therapy / methods*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color
  • Venous Thrombosis / diagnosis
  • Venous Thrombosis / drug therapy*
  • Venous Thrombosis / etiology
  • Venous Thrombosis / surgery*