Selective anteromedial bundle reconstruction in partial ACL tears: a series of 36 patients with mean 24 months follow-up

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2010 Jan;18(1):47-51. doi: 10.1007/s00167-009-0855-4. Epub 2009 Jul 8.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to describe an original technique of reconstruction of the anteromedial bundle preserving the posterolateral bundle and to report the results of a consecutive 36 patients series with mean 24 months follow-up. Our hypothesis is that this selective reconstruction of ACL partial tears could restore knee stability and function. In a consecutive series of 256, ACL reconstructions, 36 patients in which intact ACL fibers remained in the location corresponding to the posterolateral bundle were perioperatively diagnosed. These patients (21 women and 15 men) underwent isolated reconstruction of the anteromedial bundle while keeping the remaining fibers intact. AM bundle reconstructions were performed by the same surgeon using an outside-in technique. A quadrupled hamstring graft was used in 20 patients and a doubled semitendinosus graft in 16 patients. The mean age of the patients at the time of surgery was 32 years (min 15, max 53). The delay between injury and surgery was 6.6 months (min 2, max 35). Patients were assessed with the IKDC ligament evaluation form. Instrumented knee testing was performed with the Rolimeter arthrometer. Statistical analysis was performed to compare the preoperative and postoperative objective evaluation. Eleven concomitant meniscal lesions at the time of reconstruction were found. One patient who underwent a traumatic graft rupture at 4 months post surgery and two patients with previous contralateral ACL reconstruction were excluded, leaving 33 patients for final evaluation. Three reoperations were performed, including two arthrolysis for cyclops syndrome and one revision for a traumatic graft rupture. At last follow-up, 24 (73%) patients were graded A, 8 (24%) graded B and 1 C (3%) at IKDC objective evaluation. Mean side to side instrumented laxity was 4.8 mm (min 3, max 6) preoperatively and 0.8 mm (min 0, max 2) postoperatively. AM bundle reconstruction with an outside-in technique remains simple and reproducible. The preliminary results are encouraging with excellent side to side laxity. Graft size should probably be adapted to limit cyclops syndrome occurrence.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament / surgery*
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Joint Instability / surgery
  • Knee Joint / physiology*
  • Knee Joint / surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Orthopedic Procedures / methods*
  • Recovery of Function
  • Tendons / transplantation*
  • Young Adult